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Please click on the marked areas on the map to view more.   

Tain... Kildrummy Castle... Orkney Islands... Arbroath Scone... Methven... St Andrews... Stirling... Dunfermline... Bannockburn... Glasgow... Falkirk... Edinburgh... Loudoun Hill... Melrose... Turnberry... Glen Trool... Berwick... Rathlin Island... Dumfries... Burgh-by-Sands...

1274
July - Robert the Bruce was born 11th July, in Turnberry Castle, Carrick.*


1286
March - King Alexander III falls to his death at Kinghorn, Fife.
April - Six Guardians are elected to govern Scotland.
September - An envoy is sent to King Edward I of England.
The Bruce family enters into "The Turnberry Band" asserting their claim to the throne.

1289
November - The Treaty of Salisbury confirms that the "Maid of Norway" should become the new Queen of Scots.

1290
July - The Treaty of Birgham confirms betrothal of the six year old maid to the four year old Prince of Wales.
September - The Maid of Norway died in Orkney on her way to Scotland.*
December - Edward I's queen, Eleanor of Castile, dies.

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1291
May - Anglo-Scottish Parliament at Norham.
June - Edward I, with armed host, arbitrates over Scottish throne as long as Scots swear fealty to him.

1292
November - Court of Claims pronounces in favour of John Balliol, and against Bruce "the Competitor" (Grandfather of the future king) for the Scottish throne. John Balliol crowned at Scone on St Andrew's Day and pays homage to King Edward.*

1293
October King John is summoned to London, accused of contumacy. (wilful disobedience)

1295
July - "Council of Twelve" take power away from King John.
October - Franco-Scottish Treaty. The Auld Alliance between Scotland and France is renewed.

1296
March - The Sack of Berwick. England invades Scotland.
April - Scots are defeated at the Battle of Dunbar. Edward marches through Scotland.
July - John Balliol abdicates.
August - 2,000 freeholders pay homage to Edward on the Ragman Roll.
September - Edward hands government of Scotland over to John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey.

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1297
May - William Wallace kills the Sheriff of Lanark and overcomes the garrison. He and William Douglas attack the English Justiciar at Scone. Robert the Bruce leads a Scots uprising in Carrick.

July - Scots nobles meet an English contingent to negotiate peace at the "Capitulation of Irvine" Andrew Murray leads an uprising in Moray.

September - Wallace joins up with Murray at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. English Army is defeated.*

October - Wallace invades England.

November - Murray dies of Battle wounds. William Lamberton is made Bishop of St Andrews.

1298
February - Wallace is Knighted and appointed Guardian.

July - Edward I crosses the border with armed host. Scots are defeated at The Battle of Falkirk.

September - Wallace resigns the Guardianship. Bruce and Comyn become joint Guardians

1299
July - Edward I sends John Balliol to Cambrai.

August - Bishop Lamberton is made the third Guardian.

September - Wallace is sent on diplomatic mission to France.

November - The Scots take Stirling castle.

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1300
May - Bruce resigns Guardianship. Ingram de Umfraville appointed in his place.

July - Edward I leads a campaign in Galloway.

October - Truce is agreed for seven months.

November - King Phillip of France recommends Wallace to the Pope.

1301
January - John de Soulis becomes sole Guardian.

May - Scots delegation visits the Pope to defend independence.

September - Edward I campaigns in South West to take Bothwell Castle.

1302
February - Bruce submits to Edward I and marries Elizabeth de Burgh.

July - French feudal host defeated at Courtrai.

October - Scots envoys go to France to prevent truce between England and France.

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1303
February - English routed at The Battle of Roslin.

May - England and France agree peace, Scots excluded.

1304
February - John Comyn submits to Edward I.

April - Robert Bruce, father of the future king dies.

June - Secret band between Robert Bruce and Lamberton.

July - Stirling Castle falls.

1305
February - Edward I orders new constitution for Scotland.

August - Wallace captured at Robroyston near Glasgow and subsequently executed in London.*

September - New ordinance for governing Scotland is proclaimed.

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1306
February - Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn at Dumfries.*
March - Bruce is enthroned at Scone by Isobel of Buchan.*

June - The Scots defeated by Earl Pembroke at The Battle of Methven.

August - King Robert is defeated by McDougal of Lorne at The Battle of Dail Righ.

September - The King escapes to Dunaverty then Rathlin. Nigel Bruce captured at Kildrummy and executed. King Robert's wife and Marjorie Bruce are captured at Tain.

1307
February - The King returns to the mainland at Turnberry Castle.

April - The first major victory over the English at Glen Trool.*

May - King Robert succeeds again at The Battle of Loudoun Hill*

July - King Edward I dies at Burgh on Sands.*

December - King Robert falls ill. Skirmish at Slioch.

1308
May - The Battle of Inverurie.

August - King Robert defeats McDougall of Lorne at The Battle of Brander.

October - The King assails Urquhart Castle forcing the Earl of Ross to submit.

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1309
March - King Robert holds his first parliament at St Andrews.

August - The King now controls Scotland north of the Tay.

1310
August - King Edward II invades Scotland for the first time.

1311
August - King Robert retaliates and invades nothern England.

1312
August - The King again raids nothern England.

October - The Treaty of Inverness between Scotland and Norway secures the friendship of these two countries.

1313
January - King Robert captures Perth.

February - The King reconquers the southwest and Dumfries.

May - King Robert takes The Isle of Man.

June - Edward Bruce besieges Stirling Castle and gives its English governor one year's respite.

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1314
February - James Douglas captures Roxburgh Castle.

March - Thomas Randolph captures Edinburgh Castle.

June - The Battle of Bannockburn.*

November - Parliament at Cambuskenneth Abbey.

1315
April - Act of succession makes Edward Bruce heir presumptive.

May - Marjorie Bruce marries Walter Stewart. Edward Bruce invades Ireland.

1316
May - Edward Bruce is created High king of Ireland.

June - Marjorie Bruce dies giving birth to Robert Stewart.

1317
January - King Robert goes to Ireland to fight alongside his brother.

May - The King returns home.

1318
April - The Scots take Berwick upon Tweed.

October - Edward Bruce is killed in Ireland - succession settled on two year old Robert Stewart.

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1319
July - Edward II besieges Berwick upon Tweed.

September - English clergy routed at "The Chapter of Myton"

December - Two year truce is declared.

1320
April - The Declaration of Arbroath is sent to Pope John XXII.*

August - The Soulis conspirators are tried.

1322
August - Edward II's last invasion of Scotland

October - King Robert pursues Edward II into England and defeats the English at The Battle of Old Byland.

1323
August - Andrew Harclay is executed for his "Treaty" with the Scots.

May - Thirteen-year truce declared.

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1324
January - The Pope recognises Robert the Bruce as King.

April - Queen Elizabeth gives birth to a boy, named David.

1326
April - The Treaty of Corbeil between Scotland and France.

July - Succession settled on David Bruce.

1327
January - Edward II deposed by Isabella and Roger Mortimer.

February - Edward II is crowned. Scots attack Norham Castle.

June - The Scots raid County Durham.

August - Douglas and Randolph defeat the English at Stanhope Park. Bruce invades Northumberland.

1328
March - The Treaty of Edinburgh agreed at Holyrood Abbey.*

May - The Treaty is ratified in Northhampton.

July - Marriage of David Bruce to Joan of the Tower.

1329
June - King Robert the Bruce dies at his manor near Cardross. The Pope grants Scotland the anointing of the kings.

1330
March - James Douglas dies in Spain carrying the king's heart to the crusades.

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